Plant care jade is quite easier and quicker than any others plants, especially compared to others succulent. That is why people love to plant it. It could be planted both indoor and outdoor, but most people like to plant it inside their house as an indoor plant. Jade is the perfect choice for your indoor plants because it can live several days with low sunlight exposure. It has also had oval-shaped and thick leaves which quite similar with cactus leaves. It means the plant could save waters and use it more efficient, so we don’t need to water it too often. However, Jade plant couldn’t resist both to drought and humid environment, so you need to make sure their soil is always well moisturized.
1. Type of Jade Plant
Jade plant comes in any size, from the smallest to biggest one. The little size of Jade plant has soft thrunk and small oval leaves. For the opposite, the biggest one has both thick and woody trunk and well-structured branches which covered with oval-shaped green leaves. The leaves of Jade similar to other succulent which is thick, rounded, and could save some waters. Due to their appealing looks and ability to live indoor, Jade also often to be planted as a bonsai. The Jade bonsai is looked so beautiful and expensive. Planting Jade as a bonsai could freshen up your house. Based on some myth, it also will bring some good things inside.
2. Plant Care Jade as a Succulent
Jade plant might be not sounds familiar for some people, especially who don’t interested in any succulent plants. For your information, Crassulla ovata or Jade plant or commonly known as money plant, lucky plant and lucky tree one of kind succulent plants. This plant belongs to family Crassulaceae and genus Crassula, which included as clade Angiospermae. Even though it belongs to Angiospermae, Jade plant mostly propagated through vegetative reproduction, such as the cutting leaf and trunk.
This type of succulent plants comes with beautiful appearance and some myth that has been believed by the people since a few centuries ago. One of the myth says this plant could bring any prosperity and wealthy to everyone who plants it. That’s why people love to plant Jade, both in their homes or offices. It also needs to be maintained well, because myth said the more leaves grow the more prosperity you get. There is also some Asian traditional believes who having a guide on how to place and plant care jade in your room so that it could bring more and more prosperity. However, there are several problems which could happen when you plant Jade, especially as indoor and bonsai plant. To avoid them let’s read all the things which you should know about the Jade Plant before you start to grow it in your house.
3. Native Habitats
This beautiful plant come from Africa Continent, precisely in Mozambique and South Africa. Due to the drought environment in their native habitat, Jade plants develop their ability to live in drought soil and use water inefficiently. We can show those abilities by seeing their leaves, which could save some water as cactus did. However, the leaves are smoother cause it doesn’t cover in the spine as the cactus has. The shape and structure of Jade’s trunk and branches, also helping this plants to fight the drought environment in Africa. The skin of that tree is hard and woody so that it could prevent the water’s evaporation within them. It is also strengthening the tree’s protection, from hot, and windy days, plus attack from the animals. This money tree also longlasting, because it could live up to 20 years.
4. Jade Plant Cultivation
Similar to other kinds of succulent, Jade plant or Crassula ovata requires a small amount of water, even it in the summer. The water requirement could be less in the winter. So we don’t need to water it too often, to avoid over-watering and rotten in their roots. This plants leaf color could change due to several reasons. Sometimes there are red line appear around the leaf. It could happen when Jade plant has been grown under bright sunlight. For the more extreme cases, the leaf’s green color disappears, and it turns to yellowish color. The yellowish color comes from the carotenoid pigment. Jade plant produces this pigment as protection from ultraviolet rays and harsh sunlight.
According to plant care jade guide, the best growing phase shown in well-draining and rich soils, which not too dry or damp. Many people think Jade doesn’t have flowers, but it does. The flowers of Jade plant appear in wintertime, commonly in the darker, cooler and dry environment. Even the plant it looks strong and easy to be maintained, this plant also can be attacked by several bugs and fungal. One of the common problems comes from the mealybug, which usually attacking succulent plants.
5. Varieties Of Jade Plant
Mostly Jade plant around us has oval-shaped and green color leaves. However, in reality, there are few types of Jade plant which available. Others popular varieties of Jade plant are the Tricolors and Hobbit type. Doesn’t sounds like the name, the Tricolor Jade only having two combinations of colors; white and green. This variety has a similar shape with common Jade plant, but a white stripe borders the edge of the leaf. Then the Hobbit type has the same leaf’s colors, but different in shape. The Hobbit or Gollum Jade plant is having long and tubular shape leaf. There are others type of Crassula ovata which have unique leaf colors such as pink, red, yellow, and purple. All of the varieties of Jade plant is beautiful and have their beauty.
6. Propagating Jade Plant
If you are willing to start planting a Jade tree, you can buy the mini size of it first. Jade plant is widely available in both offline or online nursery. You can choose whatever that you want, but make sure that the plant nursery is having a good quality of plant and trusted reputation. Instead of buying it, you also can propagate it by yourself. The first step before you start to plant care jade is knowing the best way to propagating it. This step is really important to know, especially if you are planning to take or buy your first Jade plant from your friend or neighboorhood. It is also important for you who have old Jade plant and willing to propagating it. There is plenty way to propagating Jade plants, but people mostly doing it with their leaf and stems cutting. You don’t need to be worry because all the steps to propagating this plants are quite easy. It even can be done by the first-time planter. Before we jump into the propagating steps, let’s read some guide below first:
6.1. Methods For Propagating The Jade Plants
Jade can propagate their self naturally by their fallen branches. These fallen branches will grow the roots and forming new plants. However, if you keen to know how to propagate it by yourself, there are few methods to doing it. All of the propagating the Jade plants methods is easy to do. However, we recommend you to do it by using the cutting of Jade’s stems and leaf. Both of those plants part having easier propagating steps, plus more significant chance to grow.
Compared to the stems propagating, leaf cutting is quite more comfortable than it. It also a hundred times faster to do. Because we only need to cut then take some leaves and place it on the soils. However, it will take more time to grow the roots. So if you are a person who loves to watch your plants grow, this steps might be suitable for you. However, if you are a person who loves fast and precision thing, you better to propagating your Jade by using the stems. It might have a slower process, but the result for growing is quite faster than using the leaves.
6.2. Best Time to Propagating Jade Plant
For few times in a year, your Jade plant will break off their leaves and branches. Then those leaves fall on the soil and growing their roots naturally. The fallen leaves will increase as the tiny size of the Jade plant. Then you can move those small plant into another flower pot. Even the natural ways of propagating happen several times a year, you need to pay attention when is the best time to propagating your plants especially if you are willing to try it by yourself. To make their roots grow faster, Jade plant’s cutting need an environment which is humid, warm and well ventilated. So, the summer will be the most suitable season to start growing your Jade plant. For your information, Jade plant cuttings will easier to develop when the plant is exposed with bright and warm sunlight, that is why we recommend you to propagate it in summer.
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7. Soils and Pot For Jade Plant
Unlike other plants, Jade needs soils which could drain the water thoroughly. Because this plant is similar with succulent that couldn’t resist with the humid and damp environment. The most familiar grounds for Jade plant which used by the expert gardeners are the cactus mix. They pour those mix with organic soils to increase the nutrition. However, it quite expensive and hard to find. We recommend you to make your cactus mixture. To make it, you only need one part of organic soils and materials, one part of peat moss, and three part of sands. Use sands with high coarse variety to make the structure of the soil better. Then mix all those materials and place it in a pot. If you are wondering how is the best shape pot for Jade plant, we recommend you to use the one which full and heavy at the bottom. This could prevent Jade plant from falling. The wide sized pot is also good for optimizing your lucky plant growth. If you want to plant your Jade plant immediately, you don’t water it. Let the plant grows more root in well-moisturized soils.
8. Fertilizing Jade Plant
The first thing you need to understand before fertilizing your Jade plant is fertilized it only when the plant growing. This rule also works for others plant. The paused growing stage of Jade plant mostly happens from November to March, which has a cooler temperature. When the plant is entering this stage, it doesn’t need any intake nutrient. If you to fertilize your Jade plant out of their growing time, the fertilizer will build up, then increase the nutrition and humidity of the soils. It will produce a suitable condition for fungal and bacteria. The present of those creatures could harm the roots. If you insist to fertilizing your plant, wait until the summer or springtime where all Jade plant is showing new growth. We can see the growth sign by their new branches and leaves. If you are lucky enough, your Jade plant will be blooming the flowers. Even the blooming time happens in winter; you need fertilizing the plant. It is crucial to optimizing the growth of the flower.
There is plenty kind of fertilizer which suitable for Jade plant. However, you should pay attention to the instructions, dosage of use, and application methods. The most common fertilizer dosage that used by the professional gardener is 7-15-12, for the weights percentage of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium respectively. You also can try the 10-10-10 which called as balanced formulation. You can use both chemical and organic type of fertilizers to optimizing the growth of Jade plant. However, we recommend you to use the organic ones which have a liquid form since it is more environmentally friendly and has less side effect to any plant. The liquid fertilizer will easier to be mixed with the waters. It is also easier to be absorbed by the plant. Due to the similar type of plant, we can use some fertilizing approach which used in the succulent plant. That approarch explain to adjust the amount of fertilizer with the frequency of fertilizing. Cactus and any succulent are having a slow growth process. That makes the succulent plant will respond better to lighter strength of fertilizer which applied in shorter time.
9. Watering Jade Plant
Jade plant or Crassula ovata is a plant which could use the water efficiently. That makes this plant will be easier to be maintained. Since this plant is living in drought soil, you better to watering it only in summer and spring. It is to replace the water moisture which evaporated when sunny days. Jade plant especially the new growth could resist neither dry and damp soil. So we need to keep the soil moisture at the right level. The best watering method for Jade plant is not to spray or to pour water on to it. It will cause over-watering which lead to root rot and disease. The best way to watering is by placing a plate with water under the pot. The water will up slowly and watering all the soil in the pot. For better result, we can mix the seas with some liquid fertilizer. However, you need to ensure the mixture of water and liquid fertilizers is in the right amount. You can read a detailed guide to fertilizing this lucky plant below.
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10. Jade Plant’s Light Needs
Since it comes from Africa continent which showered by sunlight all the years, Jade plants need enough amount of the sun to grow optimally. The sunshine can be obtained from the direct or indirect source. If you place your Jade plant as an outdoor plant, you don’t need to worry about the amount of sunlight. However, make sure you are not put those plant under direct sunlight too long, because it will make the plant dehydrated, dry and falling down their leaf. For the opposite, if you are using your Jade plant as indoor housing plant, you can place it everywhere which showered by indirect sunlight. For example near the glass windows or door. If the room has no clear windows or there is no sunlight source, you can add some artificial light to your lovely Jade plant. It will help the plant to keep doing their photosynthesis process. If your plant has a tiny and small size which possible to be moved, you can run your plant outside one to twice times in a week. So it will enough natural light.
11. Suitable Temperature For Jade Plant
Jade Plant could live in a wide range of climate and weather, from the hot and dry to coolest one. Crassula ovata even to blooming the flowers in wintertime. That because this plant has a high ability to adaptable in the harsh environment. However, for the temperature, Jade plant is more preferable to live in a warmer environment, because this native plant habitat has a hot and tropical climate. The suitable temperature for Jade plant is around 65 to 75 Farenheit or equals to 18-24 Celcius at the daytime. For the nightime, proper temperature is about 50 to 55 Fahrenheit which equals 10-13 Celcius. However, those temperature guide might be different, due to plant ability to live in many climates. The more exposed plant with sunlight, it might have a higher tolerance for the temperature and vice versa.
12. Long Term Plant Care Jade
Even Jade plant considered as low maintenance plant. It also needs both short and long-term care. The long-term care is having the same crucial effect for your money plant, so you better not to skip it. We have mentioned several steps for short-term care above, here we will inform you with some of the long-term plant care jade:
Dusting The Leaves
Like other things, your lucky plant can build up some dust on their leaves too. This will be decreasing the beautiful gloss and shining from it. It also could affect the amount of sunlight that been received by the plant. So it will give bad impact to your lucky plant growth. However, don’t worry, you only need to wipe a damp cloth on them to make it shiny again.
Pruning Some Branches and Leaves
The broken and dried part of the plant is essential to be removed, particularly in summer where many new callous grows. To make those branches grow again, you need to cut about ¼ inch on it. If you want to remove some part permanently, you should cut it on the branches instead of stems. Doing this trimming and pruning only when it needed, except you want to make it as a bonsai plant.
Moving The Plant To Another Pot
Your plant will grow bigger and bigger, so it will needs bigger pot on period, especially when the top of the plant is getting heavier. To place it in the new pot, you can start by trimming the roots and clean the dust there. Place it in dry soils to prevent the roots from rotten. Then wait over about one month or more until the roots grow. After it, you are allowed to fertilizing your plant.
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13. Guide to Plant Care Jade as A Bonsai
Expert gardeners say Jade plant is one of the most natural plants which could be made as a bonsai. Jade bonsai is not only easy to grow but it also easy to be maintenance. That is why beginner commonly uses Jade plant to make a bonsai. Jade plant even could live in a long time. With all those benefits, Jade plant is perfect to build as a bonsai. Before you start making your Jade as a bonsai, let’s take a look at your plant’s shape. You need to imagine and planning how is your desiring Jade plant bonsai looks like. If you already get a picture, then you can start to prune it. Remember, you are only allowed to prune off some little part of branches and leaf. Because the more you prune it might affect the plant growth. You better to cut a leaf and a branch at a time to prevents any problems. Several weeks later in the spot where you prune off, will grow some new leaves and branches. You can use this as a method to grows more branches or leaf in the place that you want. It will make your Jade plant looks fuller and greener.
Don’t forget to watch out your plant every single day. Because sometimes the branches or leaf will grow weird, whether it is too small or big or out of your desired shape. You can trim the plant once or twice a week, depends on the need. Unlike common plant, we don’t need sealant tape to cover the cut branches. The callous will grow naturally right after you cut it. Instead of protecting, covering your cut branches with sealant could cause some problems. It can make the bacteria and fungals grows and threathening your lovely bonsai. plant care jade as a bonsai type is quite the same as normal plant. The steps to set the environment, fertilizing and watering is quite similar with common Jade plant except for the pruning and trimming part.
That is about all the things that you need to know about plant care jade. Hope that will give the information which you needed to take care of this money plant. Even the myth of brings prosperity is still being doubted, and this plants always can bring you fresher and greener vibe to your house.